Puerto Maldonado is a city in Southeastern Peru in the Amazon forest 55 kilometres (34 mi) west of the Bolivian border; located at the confluence of the Tambopata and Madre de Dios rivers, the latter which joins the Madeira River as a tributary of theAmazon. It is the capital of the Madre de Dios Region.
Nearby is the Tambopata National Reserve and Bahuaja-Sonene National Park, which has been established to protect natural resources, with some of the most pristine primary rain forests in the world. The Park includes Sandoval Lake in the Sandoval Lake Reserve, within Amazon Rainforest, in the Madre de Dios Department.
The reserve provides a habitat for giant river otters, turtles, black caimans, monkeys, and birds such as a prehistoric bird Shansho, macaws, parrots, cormorants, kingfishers and others.
Collpa de Palmeras is a special place where macaws and parrots fly down to eat dry palms that are rich in mineral salts, calcium, sodium, potassium, etc. These trace elements help them to digest.